Prothrombin-related Thrombophilia

What Your Test Results Mean:

Risk for the current or future pregnancies is dependent on your partner’s carrier status; however, individuals with just one copy (heterozygous) of the prothrombin variant have a 50% chance to have a child heterozygous for prothrombin-related thrombophilia.

Disease Explained:

Prothrombin-related thrombophilia is the second most common inherited defect of coagulation, present in about 2% of Caucasian Americans. The severity of thrombophilia is dependent on the number of copies of the G20210A variant as well as other factors. Individuals with one copy of G20210A and no personal history of venous thromboembolism have less than a 1% chance for venous thromboembolism during pregnancy, with a personal history, risk increases to 10%. Individuals with two copies of G20210A and no personal or family history have a 2-3% chance for venous thromboembolism during pregnancy. In the presence of family or personal history, risk for thromboembolism is greater.

Coexisting thrombophilias and other risk factors including travel, use of oral contraceptives, use of hormone replacement therapy, use of selective estrogen receptor modulators, pregnancy status, age, and surgery also play a role in risk of venous thrombosis. Alternative methods to oral contraceptives should be considered in women prothrombin-related thrombophilia due to the increased risk of thromboembolism.

How the Genetics Works:

The clinical features of prothrombin-related thrombophilia can be explained by a pathogenic variant, G20210A, in the F2 gene. All individuals have two copies of the F2 gene. Individuals with prothrombin-related thrombophilia have either one or two copies of F2 variant. The variant causes higher than normal levels of prothrombin, increasing the risk for venous blood clots.

Which Screens Are Right for You?

Determining which screens or set of screens are right for you will depend on where you are in your reproductive journey. Tell us where you are today so you can learn more about how to move forward tomorrow.

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As a Clarity client, you'll have access to personal genetic counselors who can help explain the results of your screens and provide insight on how to move forward. To schedule a personal conference to discuss your screen results, click the link below or call(866) 661-7966​

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