Niemann-Pick Disease Type C
What Your Test Results Mean:
Carriers typically show no symptoms of NPC; however, carriers are at an increased risk of having a child with NPC. Risk for the current or future pregnancies is dependent on your partner’s carrier status. Carrier testing of your partner is recommended in addition to consultation with a genetic counselor.
NPC is an inherited lysosomal storage disorder that impairs fat metabolism causing harmful amounts of lipids to accumulate in the spleen, liver, lungs, bone marrow, and brain. NPC usually appears in childhood, although infant and adult onsets are possible. Signs of NPC include severe liver disease, breathing difficulties, developmental delay, seizures, poor muscle tone, lack of coordination, problems with feeding, and an inability to move the eyes vertically. People with this disorder can survive about 10-20 years after diagnosis. There is no cure for NPC; however, seizure medications and physical and speech therapy may be recommended.
How the Genetics Works:
NPC is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by pathogenic variants in the NPC1 gene. In general, individuals have two copies of the NPC1 gene. Carriers of NPC have a single variant in one copy of the NPC1 gene while individuals with NPC have variants in both copies of their genes, one inherited from each parent. Risk for two carriers to have a child with the disorder is 25%.
Talk to a Genetic Counselor
As a Clarity client, you'll have access to personal genetic counselors who can help explain the results of your screens and provide insight on how to move forward. To schedule a personal conference to discuss your screen results, click the link below or call(866) 661-7966Discuss Your Screening Results