Glycogen Storage Disease Type V
What Your Test Results Mean:
Carriers typically show no symptoms of glycogen storage disease type V; however, carriers are at an increased risk of having a child with glycogen storage disease type V. Risk for the current or future pregnancies is dependent on your partner’s carrier status. Carrier testing of your partner is recommended in addition to consultation with a genetic counselor.
Glycogen storage disease type V is an inherited metabolic muscle disorder in which muscle cells cannot break down glycogen to release usable carbohydrates. A deficient level of the enzyme myophosphorylase causes individuals with glycogen storage disease type V to suffer from exercise intolerance. During the first few minutes of exercise, they will experience fatigue, muscle pain, and cramps. Excessive exercise can lead to kidney failure. These symptoms can appear during childhood, but often do not occur until adulthood. There is no treatment for glycogen storage disease type V except to restrict the frequency and intensity of exercise.
How the Genetics Works:
Glycogen storage disease type V is an autosomal recessive metabolic disorder caused by pathogenic variants in the PYGM gene. In general, individuals have two copies of the PYGM gene. Carriers of glycogen storage disease type V have a single variant in one copy of the PYGM gene while individuals with glycogen storage disease type V have variants in both copies of their PYGM genes, one inherited from each parent. Risk for two carriers to have a child with the disorder is 25%.
Talk to a Genetic Counselor
As a Clarity client, you'll have access to personal genetic counselors who can help explain the results of your screens and provide insight on how to move forward. To schedule a personal conference to discuss your screen results, click the link below or call(866) 661-7966Discuss Your Screening Results