Glycogen Storage Disease Type 3
What Your Test Results Mean:
Carriers typically show no symptoms of glycogen storage disease type 3; however, carriers are at an increased risk of having a child with glycogen storage disease type 3. Risk for the current or future pregnancies is dependent on your partner’s carrier status. Carrier testing of your partner is recommended in addition to consultation with a genetic counselor for more detailed risk assessment.
Glycogen storage disease type 3 is an inherited metabolic muscle disorder caused by lack of the glycogen debrancher enzyme. The missing enzyme causes abnormal glycogen to build up in the muscles and liver. Symptoms include an enlarged liver, low blood sugar, and growth retardation. Later in life, muscle weakness and cardiomyopathy (heart muscle weakness) may develop. Glycogen storage disease type 3 has no cure, but high-protein diets and physical therapy may alleviate some symptoms. Individuals with glycogen storage disease type 3 are at an increased risk for infant fatalities due to seizures caused by low blood sugar, but most people with this disease live well into adulthood.
How the Genetics Works:
Glycogen storage disease type 3 is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by pathogenic variants in the AGL gene. In general, individuals have two copies of the AGL gene. Carriers of glycogen storage disease type 3 have a single variant in one copy of the AGL gene while individuals with glycogen storage disease type 3 have variants in both copies of their AGL genes, one inherited from each parent. Risk for two carriers to have a child with the disorder is 25%.
Talk to a Genetic Counselor
As a Clarity client, you'll have access to personal genetic counselors who can help explain the results of your screens and provide insight on how to move forward. To schedule a personal conference to discuss your screen results, click the link below or call(866) 661-7966Discuss Your Screening Results