Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency
What Your Test Results Mean:
Female carriers typically show no symptoms of G6PD; however, carriers are at an increased risk of having a child with G6PD. Risk for the current or future pregnancies is sex dependent.
G6PD is the most common of all clinically significant enzyme defects. The enzyme deficiency causes red blood cells to undergo hemolysis faster than the body can replace them. Management of disease is generally focused on avoiding infection, certain drugs, and fava beans that induce anemia. In severe episodes of hemolytic anemia, individuals may require blood transfusion. Infants with G6PD are at risk for neonatal jaundice. With proper management, individuals with G6PD may never show symptoms of disease and can lead a normal life.
How the Genetics Works:
The clinical features of G6PD can be explained by pathogenic variants in the G6PD gene. Because G6PD is located on the X chromosome, all females have two copies of the G6PD gene while males only have one copy of the G6PD gene. Females inherit one copy from each parent while males inherit the G6PD gene from their mothers. Females with a variant in one copy of the G6PD gene are classified as carriers while males with a variant in the G6PD gene are classified as having G6PD. Female carriers have a 50% chance of having an affected male and a 50% chance of having a female carrier.
Talk to a Genetic Counselor
As a Clarity client, you'll have access to personal genetic counselors who can help explain the results of your screens and provide insight on how to move forward. To schedule a personal conference to discuss your screen results, click the link below or call(866) 661-7966Discuss Your Screening Results