FKTN-Related Walker-Warburg Syndrome

What Your Test Results Mean:

Carriers typically show no symptoms of FKTN-related WWS; however, carriers are at an increased risk of having a child with FKTN-related WWS. Risk for current or future pregnancies is dependent on your partner’s carrier status.

Disease Explained:

Walker-Warburg syndrome is the most severe congenital muscular dystrophy. FKTN-related WWS is characterized by brain malformations and eye abnormalities, hypotonia, muscle weakness, developmental delay, and occasional seizures. Individuals with FKTN-related WWS are not able to properly produce the protein fukutin. Without fukutin, another protein called alpha-dystroglycan, essential for the development of muscle fibers and neural cells, cannot function properly, leading to the severe symptoms of the disease. FKTN-related WWS is typically lethal within the first few months of life.

Treatment of individuals with FKTN-related WWS typically includes supportive care. Most individuals do not live beyond the age of three.

How the Genetics Works:

There are several genes known to cause Walker-Warburg syndrome. The clinical features of FKTN-related WWS can be explained by pathogenic variants in the FKTN gene. In general, individuals have two copies of the FKTN gene. Carriers of FKTN-related WWS have a single variant in one copy of the FKTN gene while individuals with FKTN-related WWS have variants in both copies of their genes, one inherited from each parent.

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