Familial Mediterranean Fever
What Your Test Results Mean:
Carriers typically show no symptoms of familial Mediterranean fever; however, carriers are at an increased risk of having a child with familial Mediterranean fever. Risk for the current or future pregnancies is dependent on your partner’s carrier status. Carrier testing of your partner is recommended in addition to consultation with a genetic counselor.
Familial Mediterranean fever is an inherited disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of painful inflammation in the abdomen, chest, joints, sometimes the heart, the membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord, and in males, the testicles. An attack of inflammation usually lasts 12 to 72 hours, depending on severity. Affected individuals also experience fever, rashes, and headaches. Those with familial Mediterranean fever do not typically experience symptoms until childhood or the teenage years. In some cases, symptoms do not appear until adulthood.
If familial Mediterranean fever is not treated, abnormal protein may accumulate in the body and cause organ damage, kidney damage or failure may occur due to amyloidosis, infertility may be caused due to inflammation of the reproductive organs,
and arthritis may result in the knees, ankles, and hips. Treatment generally involves colchicine, a drug that helps to reduce inflammation, or other drugs that may be used to help prevent inflammation.
How the Genetics Works:
Familial Mediterranean fever is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by pathogenic variants in the MEFV gene. All individuals have two copies of the MEFV gene. Carriers of familial Mediterranean fever have a variant in one copy of the MEFV gene while individuals with familial Mediterranean fever have variants in both copies of the MEFV gene, one inherited from each parent. Risk for two carriers to have a child with the disorder is 25%.
Talk to a Genetic Counselor
As a Clarity client, you'll have access to personal genetic counselors who can help explain the results of your screens and provide insight on how to move forward. To schedule a personal conference to discuss your screen results, click the link below or call(866) 661-7966Discuss Your Screening Results