Factor V Leiden Thrombophilia
What Your Test Results Mean:
Risk for the current or future pregnancies is dependent on your partner’s carrier status; however, individuals with just one copy (heterozygous) of the factor V Leiden variant have a 50% chance to have a child heterozygous for factor V Leiden thrombophilia.
Factor V Leiden is the most common inherited defect of coagulation, present in about 5% of Caucasian Americans and 40% of pregnant women presenting with venous thrombosis. The severity of thrombophilia is dependent on the number of copies of the variant as well as other factors. Individuals with one copy of G1691A and no personal history have less than a 1% chance for venous thromboembolism during pregnancy; with a personal history, risk increases to 10%. Individuals with two copies of G1691A and no personal or family history have a 1-2% risk for venous thromboembolism during pregnancy. In the presence of family or personal history, risk approaches 17%.
Coexisting thrombophilias and other risk factors including travel, use of oral contraceptives, use of hormone replacement therapy, use of selective estrogen receptor modulators, pregnancy status, age, and surgery also play a role in risk of venous thrombosis. Alternative methods to oral contraceptives should be considered in women with factor V Leiden thrombophilia due to the increased risk of thromboembolism.
How the Genetics Works:
The clinical features of factor V Leiden can be explained by a pathogenic variant, G1691A (R506Q), in the F5 gene. All individuals have two copies of the F5 gene. Individuals with factor V Leiden have either one or two copies of the F5 variant. The variant causes resistance to activated protein C (APC), a protein that normally decreases the rate of thrombin generation in plasma. APC resistance causes the increased risk for thrombosis.
Talk to a Genetic Counselor
As a Clarity client, you'll have access to personal genetic counselors who can help explain the results of your screens and provide insight on how to move forward. To schedule a personal conference to discuss your screen results, click the link below or call(866) 661-7966Discuss Your Screening Results