What Your Test Results Mean:
Carriers typically show no symptoms of abetalipoproteinemia; however, carriers are at an increased risk of having a child with abetalipoproteinemia. Risk for the current or future pregnancies is dependent on your partner’s carrier status. Carrier testing of your partner is recommended in addition to consultation with a genetic counselor for more detailed risk assessment.
Abetalipoproteinemia is an inherited condition that affects the absorption of dietary fats, cholesterol, and fat-soluble vitamins. People affected by this disorder are not able to make certain lipoproteins, which are particles that carry fats and fat-like substances (such as cholesterol) in the blood. Since certain levels of fats, cholesterol, and vitamins are necessary for normal growth, development, and maintenance of the body, symptoms of abetalipoproteinemia appear during infancy in affected individuals. Infants with abetalipoproteinemia fail to gain weight and grow at the expected rate and have diarrhea, abnormal star-shaped red blood cells, and fatty, foul-smelling stools. Individuals with abetalipoproteinemia may live into adulthood, but have severe health problems and reduced life expectancy.
A low fat diet, and administration of fat soluble vitamins may be used to manage symptoms, but there is no cure for abetalipo-proteinemia.
How the Genetics Works:
Abetalipoproteinemia is an autosomal recessive disorder that can be explained by pathogenic variants in the MTTP gene. In general, individuals have two copies of the MTTP gene. Carriers of abetalipoproteinemia have a single variant in one copy of the MTTP gene while individuals with abetalipoproteinemia have variants in both copies of their genes, one inherited from each parent. Risk for two carriers to have a child with the disorder is 25%.
Talk to a Genetic Counselor
As a Clarity client, you'll have access to personal genetic counselors who can help explain the results of your screens and provide insight on how to move forward. To schedule a personal conference to discuss your screen results, click the link below or call(866) 661-7966Discuss Your Screening Results